You probably didn't know Turkey's real name, you might have been confused about which city is the capital, and you may have thought tulips came from the Netherlands. It turns out, you were quite possibly wrong.
The information in this article is inspired by The Rough Guide to Europe on a Budget, your essential guide for visiting Europe.
There is a lot more to Turkey than meets the eye — between the beaches and bustling markets lies a wealth of interesting history filled with religious and literary figures, civil war and a multitude of languages. After reading these 15 fun facts about Turkey you probably never knew, discover the best things to do in Turkey.
Not only did tales of his generosity become the basis for Santa Claus, but St Nicholas also became one of the patron saints of sailors. The name Santa Claus comes from the dutch 'Sinter Klaas', a shortened version of Sint Nikolaas.
Think about taking a local guide with you to learn more about the history of the ruins here. Funnily enough, even though Santa Claus isn't linked to beaches, Patara is a coastal beach town with 16 kilometres of sand. You can visit Patara Beach from Antalya. And if it's beaches you're after, be inspired by the best beaches in Turkey.
Even with Santa Claus's origins in Turkey, the country doesn't traditionally celebrate Christmas as it's a predominantly Muslim country. Turkey enjoys a wealth of its own religious festivals, the most important one being Ramadan.
If you want to learn more about Turkey's fascinating history, head to the Topkapi Palace in Istanbul. It stands as a great symbol of the Ottoman Empire. The palace complex is open everyday apart from Tuesday.
In April there is a week-long festival in Istanbul which honours the national flower. There are concerts, arts events and competitions at different spots around the city.
If you enjoy Turkish food (who doesn't?) whet your appetite with our A–Z of Turkish cuisine.
Find out more about culture and etiquette in Turkey.
Thinking of enjoying a beach break with kids? Check-out our guide to travelling with children in Turkey.
Find out more about shopping in Turkey.
Ready for a trip to Turkey? Read more about the best time to go and the best places to visit in Turkey. For inspiration use the itineraries from The Rough Guides and our local travel experts. A bit more hands on, learn about getting there, getting around the country and where to stay once you are there.
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Top image: Turkey's Cappadocia - the sultan cave from the mountain © Free Soul Searcher/Shutterstock