Despite spending the last decade as Europe’s fastest-rising holiday destination, Croatia and its Adriatic Coast retains an enticingly unique allure, from Dubrovnik’s medieval majesty, to its unspoiled Adriatic islands - some characterised by charming fishing villages, others impossibly glamorous. Then there’s Croatia’s thriving festival scene, and fabulous food.
The information below is from The Rough Guide to Croatia, our in-depth Croatia travel guide - check it out for your all your Croatia travel needs.
- Language: Croatian is the official language, spoken by around 95 percent of the population.
- Currency: kuna (Kn)
- Population: around four million; 1 in 4 people live in the capital, Zagreb.
- Hours of sunshine: 2175 (more than Sydney).
- Croatia is one of Europe’s most biodiverse countries, with over 100 mammals, including the grey wolf and the brown bear.
- On average, Croatians consume of 5kg of coffee a year - that’s more than double the average Brit.
Travel Facts about Croatia
For more tips about travel to Croatia, read our full facts about Croatia article.
Where to go in Croatia - Regions and Areas
Choosing where to visit in Croatia can be tough. This is, after all, a country that pretty much offers it all - ancient history, idyllic islands, and contemporary cool. Here’s an outline of options to consider for your visit to Croatia, with full details in our Croatia travel guide book.
Croatia’s big cities
If you’re after history and culture when you travel to Croatia, you’ll be pleased to hear the country has both in abundance. Medieval remains, Baroque grandeur and Byzantine monuments await in towns and cities, such as Dubrovnik, Zadar, and Split. Rovinj is resplendent with Venetian architecture, while Pula has a two-thousand-year-old Roman amphitheatre.
Croatia’s national parks
If you’re looking to escape to the untamed outdoors during your Croatia travel experience, you’re in luck. The country is blessed with staggeringly beautiful national parks, such as the forest-fringed lakes and waterfalls of Plitvice Lakes, and the hiking hotpot of Northern Velebit.
The Croatian islands
Croatia’s beaches and islands are perhaps country’s top draw. The Elaphite Islands of Kolcep, Lopud and Sipan are among the most unspoiled in the Adriatic, and beaches on the Dalmatian coast - such as those on Brac - are jaw-droppingly attractive.
Top Attractions - What to see in Croatia
Here’s a run-down of landmarks and attractions in Croatia everyone should see in a lifetime - places you’ll definitely want to consider visiting during your Croatia travel adventures.
- Dubrovnik - one of Europe’s best preserved walled medieval cities.
- Plitvice Lakes National Park - sapphire lakes, rushing waterfalls and wooden walkways weaving through wildlife-rich wooded hills.
- Hvar island - stylish bars, secluded coves, crystalline waters, exquisite food. Hvar is hard to beat for all-round visitor appeal.
- Rovinj - this Italianate jewel in Croatia’s crown has buckets of Venetian elegance.
- Split - Roman grandeur meets modern bustle in Croatia’s vibrant second city.
- Krka National Park - spellbinding waterfalls, lakes, rapids and forests.
Discover more great places to see in our ultimate list of things not to miss in Croatia.
Best things to do in Croatia
Croatia is an excellent destination for outdoor activities. Easy rambling territory in inland Croatia is provided by wooded Mount Medvednica close to Zagreb and crisscrossed by well-used trails. On the Adriatic coast, Učka is one of the most accessible mountains, and can be safely bagged by moderately fit hikers. Farther south, the more challenging Velebit range stretches for some 100km along the eastern shore of the Kvarner Gulf. Croatia’s most exhilarating long-distance hiking route, the Premužić Trail, takes in mountain ridges, dense forests and awesome view, making it a top draw for adventurous types who travel to Croatia. You might want to hook up with a local Croatia guide with hiking expertise to make the most of this one.
Croatia is the perfect place to take in fascinating history through exploring cities, towns and tiny villages. Walking Dubrovnik’s walls, for example - a brief but breath-taking trot round battlements overlooking the Adriatic - serves as an inspiring introduction to this ancient city. Then there’s Pula’s amphitheatre - Imperial Rome’s greatest gift to the eastern Adriatic still serves as the venue for summer concert. In Split, the former Roman emperor’s pied-à-terre, the Diocletian’s Palace, remains at the heart of the modern city. Many of Croatia’s smaller city’s deliver big on historic allure. Varaždin, for example, is a postcard-perfect Baroque town, complete with opulent squares, crumbling palaces and a unique garden cemetery - hands down one of the best places to travel in Croatia to soak up elegant charm.
Thanks to the crystal-clear waters of the Adriatic and the diversity of its marine life, Croatia has become one of the most popular scuba-diving venues in the Mediterranean over the last few years. There are a growing number of diving centres along the Adriatic coast offering lessons, guided expeditions and equipment rental. Two of the most rewarding areas for diving are the Kornati islands in mid-Dalmatia and the island of Mljet near Dubrovnik.
Where there’s diving, there’s beaches, and Croatia is blessed with some of Europe’s best. Near Zadar long, luxuriant Kraljičina plaža (Queen's Beach) features a brace of beach bars and very little else, save for mesmerising views of the Velebit mountains across the water and a stunning strip of sand. The best beach on the heavenly island of Hvar has to be silkily sandy Grebišće, while the uninhabited islet of Proizd, near Vela Luka on charismatic Korčula Island delivers a sublimely secluded, serene coastline of white sand and sloping rocks.
Croatia has a thriving music scene, best experienced during summer festival season, when pretty much every genre of music is catered for, with indie rock at InMusic, cutting-edge dance music at Tisno and dub-to-dubstep extravaganzas at the Punta Christo fortress, near Pula. Come late July, Pula amphitheatre also plays host to the Pula Film Festival, which premieres the year’s crop of domestic feature films.
The best destination for shopping in Croatia is Zagreb, which offers a range of retail experiences you won’t find along the Adriatic coast, including regular flea and collectors’ markets. Many of Croatia’s best gifts to bring home involve food and drink, such as Croatia’s world-class wines and herb-flavoured rakija, often featuring fragments of herb in the bottle. Soaps made from olive oil and fragranced with local herbs are also a good buy, as are bags of lavender, harvested on the island of Hvar. Intricate embroidery featuring folk motifs is still produced in many areas of inland Croatia, and the Konavle region south of Dubrovnik. Even the smallest pieces make stunning keepsakes.
When is the best time to visit Croatia?
As any Croatia travel guide worth its Adriatic salt will tell you, deciding when is the best month to go to Croatia depends on what you plan to do when you get there. History and culture can be enjoyed year-round, with towns and villages looking especially atmospheric during the winter months. If you’re coming for sea, sun and sand, consider skirting around the school holidays - visit Croatia in May, June or September - avoiding both peak crowds and peak temperatures. This Croatia travel advice applies to nature-lovers too. The national parks look especially stunning in autumn, making it the best time to travel to Croatia for ramblers and hikers.
Find out more about the best time to visit Croatia.
How to get to Croatia
If you plan to travel to Croatia during the summer months, you won’t be short of direct flights from European countries’ major hubs. If you’re coming from North America, however, flying direct still isn’t an option - you’ll have to take a one- or two-stop flight via a main European city, but it’ll be worth it. Travelling by train is convenient if you’re coming from the UK or elsewhere in Europe, and regular ferries run from Italy during summer.
Read on for the best ways to get to Croatia.
How to get around Croatia
If you’re wondering how to how to travel around Croatia independently, it’s worth bearing in mind that its coastal and mountainous terrain can make overland travel rather time consuming. That said, Croatia’s train network is useful for travelling around the north and east of the country, while buses are best for travelling along the coast. With more a thousand islands, don’t pass up the chance to enjoy a spot of island-hopping. Ferry and catamaran services are available throughout the year, and travelling in Croatia by boat is always a highlight.
Learn more about transportation and how to get around Croatia.
Where to stay in Croatia?
In part thanks to its status as Europe’s fastest growing destination of the past decade, Croatia has an increasing range of well-equipped four- and five-star hotels, but still a relative shortage of boutique hotels and B&Bs. At present, apartments and private rooms offered by local families represent the country’s best-value accommodation. The Adriatic coast is also good for beautifully situated campsites.
Discover how to find the best accommodation in Croatia.
Food in Croatia you need to try
Thanks to its geographical position, Croatia’s culinary offerings blend central European and Mediterranean influences to delicious effect. So, while every kind of seafood dominates menus along the coast, you’ll also find schnitzel, pastries, and various riffs on pasta and noodles. Regional highlights include Pag cheese from the Kvarner Gulf, and sausages (kobasice), cured ham (pršut), and gnocchi (njoki) from the Istrian Peninsula.
Read more about local food and drink in Croatia.
Culture and festivals in Croatia
Croatia’s calendar is crammed with festivals, religious holidays and cultural events throughout the year. Summer is the season of DJ events, big beach parties, eclectic art gatherings and folksy fairs along the Adriatic, with cultural festivals taking place in Zagreb in spring and autumn. Classical music-lovers will adore the six-week Dubrovnik Summer Festival held annually from July, while the Varaždin Festival of Baroque Music sees the city’s many fine churches put to splendid use as concert venues.
To include a festival in your trip to Croatia, check out the month-by-month overview of festivals in Croatia.
Nightlife in Croatia
Croatia’s capital Zagreb is one of Central Europe’s liveliest cities when it comes to DJ-driven club music and live alternative rock. Though most clubs take a break in July and August, during summer Zagreb is enlivened by an array of nightly open-air gigs, puppet shows and art happenings. Dubrovnik is better known for its charming Old Town bars and restaurants than raving nightlife, though clubbers are well served by Banje Beach Club and the cavernous Revelin club that’s held in the atmospheric, barrel-vaulted chambers of the Revelin Fortress. On the coast, Pula’s amphitheatre offers everything from opera to pop cocerts, while its Rojc cultural centre, occupying a former barracks, is home to dozens of cultural organisations and hosts a variety of gigs and theatre events.
Plan your trip to Croatia
One of the great things about Croatia travel is that the country can be enjoyed on a swift city break basis, while also having plenty to keep visitors more than satisfied for weeks (or months) at a time. Ideas for a few days in Croatia include immersing yourself in exploring Dubrovnik’s delights (Game of Thrones fans will have fun spotting all the locations), and taking a trip to one of the nearby islands - Korčula, for example, where fine wine and rustic charm awaits.
Among the best ideas for spending a week and more in Croatia is exploring the Adriatic coastline. For example, in two weeks you could set out from Dubrovnik to Korčula, then take a swift catamaran to chic Hvar before continuing to Split. Continuing north, a stay in Zadar delivers both history and contemporary style, before Pula and Rovinj reveal their Mediterranean charisma (and Pula its Roman roots).
For more inspiration see some of the Croatia itineraries from our Croatia guide and local travel experts.
- Tips (napojnice) aren’t obligatory, but if you’ve enjoyed a round of drinks or meal, it’s polite to round up the bill by ten percent or to the nearest convenient figure.
- If invited to someone’s house, they’ll usually offer you slippers upon arrival. It’s also the norm to bring a gift for your host.
- Naturism has a long history on the Adriatic coast, with self-contained naturist holiday villages, and naturist campsites in Istria and the island of Krk. Throughout Croatia, you’ll find isolated coves or stretches of beach where it’s OK to be nude, providing it’s at discreet distance from the main family-oriented areas.
Things you need to know before going to Croatia
- Croatia’s unit of currency is the kuna, which is divided into 100 lipa.
- The best place to change money is at a bank (banka), or exchange bureau (mjenjačnica). Be aware though, that in smaller towns banks normally close for lunch on weekdays, and aren’t open at all on Saturdays. You’ll find ATMs in all Croatian town centres.
- Croatian is the official language. Over half the population have at least some understanding of English, with German and French widely spoken too.
- Wall sockets in Croatia operate at 220 volts and take round, two-pin plugs - British and US travellers should purchase a continental adaptor before leaving home.
For advice about practical matters when travelling in Croatia, check the travel advice for Croatia.
Typical cost and Money Saving Tips for Croatia
If you’re wondering how much to budget for a trip to Croatia, or whether it’s expensive, it’s true to say that Croatia is by no means a bargain destination, and the cost of accommodation - on a par with Western European countries for most of the year - shoots upwards in July and August. Eating and drinking, however, remain good value, especially if you shop in markets. If you’re staying in hostels, self-catering and travelling by public transport, expect to spend at least 600Kn/£60/€80/US$85 per person per day. At the other end of the scale, staying in a good hotel, eating in nice restaurants, renting a car and not skimping on the cocktails will involve a daily outlay of 1500Kn/£150/US$220 or above.
- If travelling from outside mainland Europe, you’ll need a continental power adapter.
- Pack comfortable shoes to make the most of exploring Croatia’s cities and towns on foot, and decent walking boots if you’re planning to visit the glorious National Parks.
- Sunscreen - during the summer, Croatia’s beaches and islands can be blisteringly hot.
- Water shoes - while Croatia has plenty of soft sand beaches, some of its most scenic, turquoise-watered sun spots are pebbly.
- Clothes to layer and a waterproof jacket. Dubrovnik is windy year-round, which means you might feel the elements while walking the battlements.
What to pack for a trip to Croatia
Is Croatia safe for travel?
The crime rate in Croatia is low by European standards. Your main defence against petty theft is to exercise common sense and refrain from flaunting luxury items, especially in the bigger towns and cities.
For up to date information about safety and travel requirements for Croatia, check government guidelines. UK nationals should heed Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office advice, while travellers from the US should check governmental travel advisory guidelines for Croatia.
- Steer clear of Dubrovnik and Split when cruise ships are docked - truly a top Croatia travel tip.
- Avoid visiting Croatia in peak summer season - it’s packed, pricey and too hot to make the most of walking the National Parks. Better to visit in May or September.
- Don’t turn up at show Plitvice Lakes National Park without a pre-purchased ticket. You need to book at least 12 hours in advance.
- Don’t ever assume you can pay in Euros rather than kuna - though some places do accept Euros, be respectful and ask first.
What you should avoid in Croatia?
- For more ideas about what to see and do in Croatia, plus plenty of practical guidance that will help you make the most of your trip, take a look at The Rough Guide to Croatia.
- If you’re keen to explore Croatia’s islands after reading about them in this Croatia travel guide, you could look to book an island-hopping tour around three of the stunning Elaphites islands.
- Calling all Game of Thrones fans - enjoy an immersive tour that takes in Dubrovnik’s GoT sites, and ends with a thrilling boat trip to Lokrum island (aka Quarth).
- To take the hassle out of planning, Rough Guides’ tailor-made travel platform offers a range of fully customisable Croatia itineraries, created in consultation with local experts.