The major, mostly modern port city of Livorno, 18km southwest of Pisa, holds little of interest for most casual visitors. However, dozens of ferries sail from here to Corsica (Bastia and Porto Vecchio), Sardinia (Olbia, Golfo Aranci or Cagliari), Sicily (Palermo) and the Tuscan Islands. Nearly all ferries to Corsica, Sicily and Sardinia leave from alongside the Stazione Maríttima, west of the centre behind the Fortezza Vecchia, although some depart from Varco Galvani, a long way north of town with no transport connections to the centre. Ferries to Capraia leave from the central Porto Mediceo. For times and prices, check the various companies’ websites, or ask at the tourist office on Piazza Municipio (June–Sept Mon–Sat 8am–6pm, Sun 9am–6pm); reserve well ahead in summer.
There are trains to Livorno from Florence (12 daily; 1hr 20min), La Spezia (13 daily; 55min–1hr 15min), Pisa (every 20min; 15–25min) and Rome (12 daily; 2hr 35min–3hr 45min). Eight daily buses run from Piombino (2hr).