A high proportion of the ancient sites still seen in Greece today were built as shrines and temples to the gods, primarily the twelve who lived on Mount Olympus. Zeus, the lord of the heavens and supreme power; Hera, his wife and sister, goddess of fertility; Athena, the goddess of wisdom, patron of crafts and fearless warrior; Apollo, the god of music, of prophecy and the arts; his sister Artemis, the virgin huntress and goddess of childbirth; Poseidon, the god of the sea; beautiful Aphrodite, goddess of love and desire; Hermes, the messenger who leads the souls of the dead to the underworld; Hephaestus, the god of craftsmen; Ares, the god of war; Demeter, the goddess of crops and female fertility; and Dionysus, god of wine and intoxication. Worshipped, feared and admired, they formed the basis for the ancient Greek religion until paganism was banned by the Romans in AD 391.

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