The following itineraries cover Thailand in all its diversity, from running the rapids in the northern mountains to beach-bumming your way through the Andaman archipelagos. Whether you want to feel the buzz of adventure in the great outdoors, feast on the never-ending variety of Thai cuisine, or find the nearest thing to a desert island paradise, these will point the way.
Thailand now offers an astonishing range of good-value active pursuits, both on land and in the teeming tropical seas.
1 Khao Yai National Park
One of the very few national parks to maintain a network of hiking trails that visitors can explore by themselves, passing dramatic waterfalls, orchids and an abundance of wildlife.
2 Chiang Mai
The best single base for outdoor activities, offering cycling day-trips and multi-day tours, mountain biking, trekking, rafting, rock-climbing and many others.
3 Pai rafting
A good place for trekking, but the real highlight here is the two-day whitewater rafting trip down the Pai River, taking in waterfalls, hot springs and a night in a jungle camp.
4 Umphang trekking
The best way to reach the 200m-high Tee Lor Su Falls is by rafting and hiking your way through the jungle on a three-day trip.
5 Diving and snorkelling off Ko Similan
The underwater scenery at this remote chain of national park islands is world-class and can be explored on appealing, small-scale live-aboards.
6 Sea-canoeing in Ao Phang Nga
Low-impact paddling on day, night or multi-day trips is the best way to explore the secret caves and mangrove swamps of this extraordinary bay.
7 Ko Yao Noi
This relaxing island on the edge of Phang Nga bay is a low-key hub for active visitors, who kayak, snorkel, dive and climb rocks.
8 Rock-climbing on the Railay peninsula
Offering courses for beginners, as well as equipment rental and guides, this is Thailand’s premier site for climbers, with over seven hundred bolted routes amid awesome scenery.
We’re not daring to claim that the restaurants mentioned below are the very best in Thailand, but they’re all locally famous places serving regional specialities where you can eat extremely well.
1 Chiang Rai
Not a town renowned for its gastronomy, but Salungkham always stops the traffic and delivers the goods – and you might well want to take away some of its home-smoked pork.
2 Chiang Mai
Apart from the excellent cooking classes available here you also have a choice between central Thai and Burmese-influenced northern Thai food at restaurants such as Huen Phen.
Among fifty thousand restaurants in the capital, a couple can be singled out: Thai food critic favourite Taling Pling; and Bolan, for its traditional recipes and “Slow Food” philosophy.
4 Hua Hin
Long the favourite seaside retreat of Bangkok’s food-loving middle classes, Hua Hin has built up a thriving culinary scene – Baan Itsara’s creative seafood dishes stand out.
Among Phuket’s big-name restaurants, The Seacret may seem an unlikely choice, but it delivers fantastic local dishes such as dried and smoked shrimp relish (nam prik kung siap).
You may have to queue for a table at Ko Tung, but it’s worth the wait for the fresh, southern-style seafood such as delicious sweet mussels and baked crab.
7 Ko Samui
Our favourite spot is still Ban Hua Thanon Seafood, a wooden shophouse with waterfront tables and superb shredded prawns with mango salad.
8 Nakhon Si Thammarat
Krua Thale is almost reason in itself to go to Nakhon – don’t miss the chunky mussels in herb soup.
Ferries now join up the karst islands of the southern Andaman coast, so it’s possible to get from Phuket to Penang in Malaysia without setting foot on the mainland. You can avoid the crowds, and save yourself money and hassle, by bypassing the kiss-me-quick honeypots of Phuket, Ko Phi Phi and Ko Lipe in favour of these island beauties.
1 Phuket Town
Base yourself among the Sino-Portuguese architecture of the island capital, which has better-value and more interesting places to stay and eat than the big-name beaches, and much better transport links.
With around 20km of west-facing sands and a laidback, family-friendly atmosphere, Ko Lanta offers a wide range of affordable accommodation and an almost endless choice of beach bars for sundowners.
A short detour from Lanta brings you to Ko Jum‘s half a dozen wild and lonely beaches facing the sunset, with boat trips to enjoy and a small mountain to climb.
There’s a variety of good resorts for all budgets on Ko Hai and a gorgeous panorama of jagged limestone islands.
A quick hop from Ko Hai, Ko Mook‘s main draw is the stunning Emerald Cave, with its inland beach of fine sand at the base of a spectacular natural chimney.
Just southwest of Ko Mook, Ko Kradan is a remote island that’s uninhabited apart from its half-dozen resorts, with a long, powdery, east-facing strand, crystal-clear waters and a reef for snorkellers to explore.
4 Ko Tarutao
Huge national park island with mangroves and jungle tracks to explore, and the most unspoilt beaches in the area.
Travel offers; book through Rough Guides
Planning your trip to Thailand
Everything you need to plan where to go and what to do.
The latest articles, galleries, quizzes and videos.
Go it alone: solo travel in Thailand
Thailand is the quintessential backpacker destination. Here you can make the first footprints on secluded sands, dance shoeless under a full moon and swim benea…
26 awe-inspiring architectural wonders
From ancient temples to hyper-modern skyscrapers, these are just a few of the world's most incredible architectural wonders. Whether you're looking to wander l…
Video: a 1 minute guide to Thailand
Consistently voted as one of the best places to travel by our readers – most recently as one of the world's friendliest countries and one of the best place…