#01 Hot-air ballooning over Cappadocia

A lighter-than-air float gives an unrivalled perspective on the “fairy chimneys” and other features of the landscape.

#01 Hot-air Ballooning over Cappadocia

#02 İshak Pasa Sarayı

Strategically set astride the Silk Route, this architecturally eclectic seventeenth-century palace is one of eastern Turkey’s most emblematic sites.

#02 Ishak Pasa Sarayı

#03 Monastery of Sumela

Dramatically built into the side of the Pontic mountains, this Byzantine monastery is adorned with beautiful frescoes.

#03 Orthodox Monastery of Sumela

#04 Whirling Dervishes

Members of a sect founded by the Konya-based Sufi mystic Celaleddin Rumi conduct “turning” ceremonies to effect union with God.

#04 Whirling Dervishes

#05 Ancient Ephesus

This ancient city, addressed by Saint Paul in one of his epistles, is the best preserved of its kind in the Eastern Mediterranean.

#05 Ancient Ephesus

#06 Nemrut Dağı

Extraordinary mountain-top temple-tomb complex that’s the outlandish legacy of an obscure, ancient kingdom.

#06 Nemrut Dagı

#07 Shopping in a bazaar

You may not get a bargain, but you can’t beat the banter, especially at Istanbul’s Grand Bazaar.

#07 Shopping in a Bazaar

#08 Roman Theatre at Aspendos

Anatolia’s largest and best preserved Classical theatre hosts an opera and ballet festival in summer.

#08 Roman Theatre at Aspendos

#09 Mardin

Medieval houses, historic mosques and churches, and boutique hotels mingle in this hilltop eyrie, high above the Mesopotamian plain.

#09 Mardin

#10 Haghia Sophia, Istanbul

The seemingly unsupported dome of Haghia Sophia is one of the architectural marvels of the world.

#10 Aya Sofya, Istanbul

#11 Hittite capital of Hattusa

The ancient capital of the Hittites still impresses, with its extensive perimeter walls.

#11 Hittite Capital of Hattusa

#12 Selimiye Camii, Edirne

This sixteenth-century mosque is the masterpiece of the greatest Ottoman architect, Mimar Sinan.

#12 Selimiye Camii, Edirne

#13 Kaçkar Dağları

Lying just inland from the Black Sea, this glacially sculpted granite mountain range, spangled with dozens of lakes, is Turkey’s premier trekking venue.

#13 Kaçkar Dagları

#14 Zeugma Mosaic Museum, Gazıantep

A fabulous collection of mosaics from ancient Zeugma, a Hellenistic/Roman frontier city now under the waters of a reservoir on the nearby Euphrates.

#14 Zeugma Mosaic Museum, Gazıantep

#15 Visiting a hamam

One of the traditional sensual comforts of Turkey, hamams (Turkish baths) make a wonderfully relaxing (and cleansing) way to round off a day’s sightseeing.

#15 Visiting a Hamam

#16 Patara beach

This unspoiled beach, one of the longest in the Mediterranean, is the perfect coda to a visit of the nearby, eponymous ancient city.

#16 Patara beach

#17 Kariye Museum, Istanbul

The finest collection of Byzantine mosaics and frescoes in Turkey, adorning an attractive church near the city’s land walls.

#17 Kariye Museum, Istanbul

#18 Baklava

The favourite dessert of the sweet-toothed Turks, rich, buttery baklava, in which thin layers of filo pastry are stuffed with pistachio or walnuts, is best enjoyed with a strong, black Turkish coffee.

#18 Baklava

#19 Gallipoli cemeteries and memorials

Moving and unexpectedly beautiful legacy of one of the fiercest campaigns of World War I.

#19 Gallipoli Cemeteries and Memorials

#20 Cruising the southwest coast

The deeply indented coastline between Bodrum and Finike is the venue for multi-day cruises on a gulet, or traditional wooden motor-schooner.

#20 Cruising the Southwest Coast

#21 Acropolis of Ancient Pergamon

Pergamon was one of the chief Roman cities of Anatolia, and extensive ruins remain; shown here is the sanctuary of the restored Trajan temple.

#21 Acropolis of Ancient Pergamon

#22 Lycian Way

This well-marked path, suited to all abilities, follows some of the most scenic portions of the Turquoise Coast.

ADRASAN, TURKEY Exodus trekking clients on Lycian Way.

#23 Byzantine frescoes, Cappadocia

Cappadocia’s many rock-hewn churches contain superb early Christian frescoes.

Dragon fighters, frescoes in the upper church, St. John's Church or Karsi Kilise, cave church, Gulsehir, Nevsehir Province

#24 Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, Ankara

Home to finds of native cultures from the Stone Age onwards, this superb museum is the capital’s one must-see attraction.

Turkey, Central Anatolia, Ankara, Anadolu Medeniyetleri Muzesi (Museum of Anatolian Civilizations), Bronze standard of Alaca

#25 Ani ruins

Medieval Armenian capital in a superb setting at the Turkish border, scattered with fine churches.

Ruins of Church of Redeemer, Ani, Eastern Anatolia, Turkey

#26 Churches of the Georgian valleys

The medieval churches northeast of Erzurum are among northeastern Anatolia’s most striking monuments.

Osvang Church, Tortum Erzurum Turkey.

#27 Lake Van

The cobalt-blue expanse of Turkey’s largest lake is at its most scenic in late spring or early summer.

Armenian Church of the Holy Cross, Akdamar, Aghtamar, Akhtamar, Akdamar Adasi, Lake Van, mountain Eadir Dagi, Van Province

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