Discover endemic wildlife
The Amazon is home to the world’s greatest biodiversity, with more and more species being identified over the course of the years. There are over 55,000 species of flora, with some trees reaching heights of 60 metres, while the canopies of others – including the Brazil nut tree – have a diameter of up to 40 metres. Only 30 per cent of the animal kingdom has so far been identified; among the animals that call this giant forest their home are three-toed sloths, jaguars, harpy eagles, macaws, alligators, manatees and pink river dolphins. At jungle lodges visitors can take part in plenty of activities, including educational jungle treks, bird watching, animal spotting and night walks.
Beaches on the Ilha do Marajó
Located at the mouth of the Amazon river, this is the world’s largest maritime-fluvial island – it’s the size of Switzerland. The island is home to spectacular freshwater beaches with golden sand and glistening waters, where the Atlantic flows into the Amazon River. On Marajó, hundreds of buffalo roam freely in the hinterland and along the coastal areas, and this is the only place in the world where police are seen riding these beasts.
Admire the Monte Alegre Rock Paintings
Nestled deep within the Amazon rainforest are the Monte Alegre rock paintings, set amid a stunning landscape of floodplains and jagged mesas. These largely unexplored paintings are undoubtedly among South America’s most significant archaeological sites. Dating back 13,150 years, the indigenous paintings vary from abstract patterns to representations of animals and humans, including compelling images of the artists’ palm prints.
Visit the Anavilhanas National Park
The Anavilhanas National Park is located in the north-eastern part of Amazonas State, and occupies an area of 350,000 hectares. This is one of the largest fluvial archipelagos in the world, with 400 verdant islands home to highly diversified flora and fauna, including caimans, giant otters and puma. The dark waters of the Rio Negro snake through the area forming hundreds of lakes, creeks and streams.