• They look similar at a glance but alpacas have shorter legs, necks and snouts than llamas, and also have a fluffier fleece.

Named after Simón Bolívar, Bolivia won its independence in 1825, after nearly three centuries as a Spanish colony.

In 2001 the highest football match in the world was played on the top of the 6542m Sajama volcano.

A bridge stretching from Potosí to Spain could reputedly have been built with the silver extracted from the Cerro Rico mines during the colonial period.

Since independence, Bolivia has lost almost half its territory, including its Pacific coast, which was captured by Chile in 1879.Despite being landlocked, the country still has a navy.

Essentials

Everything you need to know before you set off.

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Bolivia features

The latest articles, galleries, quizzes and videos.

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