Almost every locomotive on the tracks of Romania originally emerged from the Electroputere workshops of CRAIOVA, while the city is also a centre for the Romanian automobile industry, the former Oltcit works (now Ford Romania) having produced many of the country’s cars. These industries are here because of the ready availability of oil, whose presence is attested to by the derricks surrounding what is now the chief city of Oltenia and capital of Dolj county. Craiova does have a longer history than it might appear from its industrial heritage, having begun life as the Roman town of Pelendava, and Michael the Brave began his career here as deputy governor. Today, it’s a sprawling and hectic place, but you may find yourself breaking a journey to or from Bulgaria, in which case there’s a cluster of impressive museums to while away the time. On the southern edge of the city (down Calea Unirii) is the superb Parcul Romanescu, laid out by French architects in 1901–03, with a zoo and lake and the first cable suspension bridge in Europe.

Book through Rough Guides’ trusted travel partners

Romania features

The latest articles, galleries, quizzes and videos.

19 places to get utterly lost

19 places to get utterly lost

One of the great joys of travelling is stumbling across unexpected places, wandering without a single destination in mind and embracing the journey. These place…

12 Sep 2017 • Keith Drew camera_alt Gallery
24 breaks for bookworms

24 breaks for bookworms

1. Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas In 1971, fuelled by a cornucopia of drugs, Hunter S. Thompson set off for Las Vegas on his “savage journey to the heart of …

02 Mar 2017 • Eleanor Aldridge camera_alt Gallery
A first-timer's guide to Central and Eastern Europe: 10 places to visit

A first-timer's guide to Central and Eastern Europe: 10 places to visit

Central and Eastern Europe are among the culturally diverse parts of the world, preserving a plethora of deep-rooted traditions. What’s more, large tracts of …

12 Dec 2016 • Jonathan Bousfield insert_drive_file Article
View more featureschevron_right