If you’re travelling from Europe or North America, costs in Namibia may not seem that high, given the favourable exchange rates. On the other hand, with only limited public transport, vast distances to cover between sights, and only a small number of budget lodgings available, expenses can add up. With a combination of hitchhiking and public transport, staying only in budget hostels, campgrounds and cooking your own meals, you can probably get by on N$400 per person per day; add in an extra N$500–800 per person for an excursion or activity. Staying in mid-range accommodation in a shared room on a dinner, bed and breakfast basis, which is the norm, can mean a daily food and lodgings budget of N$1000 per person, with park fees, car rental costs and petrol on top. 4WD hire will cost double, and if you fancy the exclusive, high-end accommodation near Sossusvlei or the Skeleton Coast, where you’re not necessarily paying for traditional hotel luxury – marble bathrooms, rooftop swimming pools and high thread counts – but for remote wilderness and/or incredible wildlife experiences, you’ll be paying around N$6000–7000 per person per day for full board, activities and park fees.
Crime and personal safety
Namibia is an extremely safe country to travel round, even on your own, though petty crime is on the increase in Windhoek and some of the larger towns. That said, being street-savvy goes a long way towards avoiding problems: not wearing expensive jewellery or watches, not opening your bag or wallet to get cash out in a public place, and always making sure your car is locked, the windows are closed, and your belongings are out of sight when you stop in towns or at petrol stations. If you have to leave your car for a time, and there is no guarded, secure car park available, it pays to park in front of a shop or bank, where there will be a security guard whom you can ask (and tip on your return) to keep an eye on your vehicle. Remember if you do get robbed, you will need a police report to complete an insurance claim once you get home.
Culture and etiquette
Greetings are key to ensuring good social relations in Namibia, as in many parts of Africa. Before you ask a question or a favour, you should always make sure you greet the person and enquire after their health. If you can manage that in the relevant local language, then so much the better. Handshakes are the most common form of greeting, especially among men, and always with the right hand. Men will often use the three-part African handshake when greeting other men. Women are more likely to greet each other and men with words, though they may shake hands. If in a more traditional rural setting, a small nod, bow or curtsy may be given by the junior to acknowledge seniority.
Modest dress is also important, especially when visiting rural areas, which are generally dominated by Christian conservatism. In the extreme heat it may be tempting to strip off to the bare essentials, but notwithstanding the risk of sunburn, short, skimpy attire is fine for the beach but can give offence in villages. Generally, men wear long trousers and shirts and women wear something that covers their shoulders and knees.
While on the subject of village life, if offered something to drink or eat, you should always accept the offer. When eating with your hands, often the case in rural communities, you should eat with your right hand even if left-handed, as the left hand is considered unclean.
Photography is a thorny area, which has been badly handled by many tourists over a number of years, especially with regards to the Himba, Herero and the San, where taking photos tends to dominate interactions to a worrying extent. The crass behaviour of some tourists who snap away without permission of the individuals concerned and with minimal interaction with them has led to difficult relations between some Namibian communities and tourists. Some Himba and Herero women in particular are now demanding payment for having their photo taken. Always ask permission if you wish to take a photo, and only after you have spent time in meaningful interaction with the person or people concerned.
Electricity is 220 volts in Namibia, and three-pin round plugs are used, as in South Africa. You’re advised to bring an adaptor with you as they are hard to come by outside Windhoek.
If you are a visitor from Western Europe, including the UK and Ireland, or from the US, Canada, New Zealand, Australia or South Africa, you do not need a visa to enter Namibia. Otherwise you should check with the Namibian diplomatic mission in your country. Even if a visa is not necessary, you do need a passport valid for six months after the entry date with at least two blank pages for stamps, and you should be able to show proof of onward travel (by air or bus), though this is unlikely to be requested. On arrival in Namibia your passport will be stamped for up to ninety days; visa extensions can be obtained from the Ministry of Home Affairs and Immigration in Windhoek (t 061 2922111; w www.mha.gov.na), on the corner of Kasino Street and Independence Avenue.
Foreign embassies in Namibia
Australian Honorary Consul, 56 Chaledoon St t 061 300194, e [email protected]
Canadian Consulate, 1st Floor, Office Tower, Maerua Mall, Jan Jonker St t 061 251254.
Contact the mission in South Africa: w nzembassy.com/south-africa.
Republic of Ireland
Contact mission in Zambia: w embassyofireland.co.zm.
South African High Commission, Corner of Nelson Mandela Ave and Jan Jonker St t 061 2057111, w dirco.gov.za/windhoek.
British High Commission, 116 Robert Mugabe Ave, t 061 274800, e [email protected]
United States Embassy, 14 Lossen St, Ausspanplatz t 061 2958500.
Gay and lesbian travellers
Sodomy rather than homosexuality is illegal in Namibia, though the Namibian government tends to interpret this as meaning that homosexuality is illegal. Moreover, its attitude towards LBGTI rights is generally one of intolerance. That said, LGBTI travellers can enjoy a hassle-free holiday in Namibia provided they are discreet about their sexuality. What’s more, there are gay-owned and LBGTI-friendly tour companies in Namibia, as well as lodge owners who are happy to facilitate bookings. Contact New African Frontiers in Windhoek (t 061 222964, w newafricanfrontiers.com) or JJ Tours in Kamanjab (t 081 424 1114, w namibiajjtours.com) for advice.
Full insurance for flights, medical emergencies and personal possessions is highly recommended. Make sure it covers any adventure sports you might want to do. If you intend to rent a car, you might also consider taking out a standalone car hire excess insurance policy, since this can work out cheaper than the additional fees charged by car rental firms to reduce the excess payable in case of accident.
Finding somewhere to access the internet will seldom be a problem in Namibia, even in quite remote areas, though in many parts of the country connections are often slow and the service is unreliable. A few internet cafés exist in Windhoek and Swakopmund – expect to pay around N$10/30min – and many hotels and hostels across the country have a PC or two available for guest use. However, in most accommodation, as well as in shopping malls and cafés, wi-fi is a more common means of getting online. In lodges, wi-fi is usually confined to the main building.
In Windhoek and the larger towns you’ll find launderettes and dry cleaners. In addition, most hotels, lodges and guesthouses offer a laundry service, though this is obviously more expensive.
Across the country, there are over 130 post offices, run by Nampost. Their smart, modern exteriors belie a somewhat less than efficient service: while fairly reliable for non-valuable objects, the system is fairly slow. Hours are generally Monday to Friday 8am–4.30pm, Saturday 8am–noon. A stamp for a 10g letter or postcard to Africa (outside SADC) and Europe costs N$6.60; to other destinations it costs N$7.70.
A range of decent road maps, updated every few years, are widely available in specialist map shops and online in Europe and the US. The bookshops in Windhoek and Swakopmund also stock a selection. The Namibian Tourist Board and most tour operators can supply you with the annually updated Roads Authority Map of Namibia, which also has details of many campgrounds. The Namibia Road Atlas, produced by Map Studio, is easy to use in book format, and includes street maps of various places. If you’re intending to go off the beaten track then the Tracks4Africa GPS map (and their new paper map) should be high on your shopping list (w tracks4africa.com).
There is generally a high level of press freedom in Namibia, particularly in the print media. The country’s top newspaper, both in quality and circulation, is the mainly English-language (with some content in Oshiwambo) daily The Namibian (w www.namibian.com.na). The New Era is the state-owned daily paper. Several other dailies exist, including ones in Afrikaans and German, as well as several weekly papers and monthly magazines. There are over twnety private and community-owned radio stations, as well as the ten channels in different languages operated by the government- owned Namibian Broadcasting Corporation (NBC). Many guesthouses, hotels and lodges pay for the DSTV satellite package, which is based in South Africa, and predominantly offers a diet of South African and US channels.
The Namibian dollar (N$), often abbreviated to “Nam dollar” in common parlance, has been the official currency since independence in 1993. Coins are produced for 5, 10 and 50 cents, and for 1, 5 and 10 Namibian dollars. Notes are available in denominations of N$10, 20, 50, 100 and 200. Until 2012, the notes exclusively featured Hendrik Witbooi. Then in 2012, a series of more fraud-secure notes was introduced, featuring the post-independence president, Sam Nujoma, on the ten- and twenty-dollar bills.
To add to the currency confusion, prior to Independence the South African Rand was the official currency, and since the Namibian dollar is still pegged to the Rand (1:1), it is still accepted as legal tender in the country. If you’re withdrawing money near the end of your trip, or travelling on elsewhere, it’s better to ask for South African Rands rather than Namibian dollars, as they’re easier to exchange in other countries.
It is relatively quick and painless to change money at a bank, except at the end of the month, when queues can be substantial. You can also get a cash advance on your credit card on presentation of your passport. The main banks in Namibia are the South African Nedbank, Standard Bank and First National Bank, in addition to Namibia’s Bank Windhoek, which has 53 branches countrywide. Banking hours are usually Monday to Friday day 8.30am–3.30pm, Saturday 8.30am–noon.
Credit and debit cards are widely used to pay for goods and services in Windhoek and the major towns, especially Visa and MasterCard. American Express is less readily accepted. Credit cards are also generally accepted for mid- and high-end accommodation payments. Nearly all petrol stations, however, only accept cash, though this is beginning to change. Thankfully, petrol stations often have an ATM on the premises.
ATMs, though also widespread in the more remote areas, are sometimes out of order or run out of cash, especially at the end of the month or before public holidays. The daily withdrawal limit is usually N$1500–2000. For larger sums you can withdraw cash against a credit card in a bank on presentation of your passport. In the more rural areas, you will need cash; make sure that you carry some of the smaller denominations. Travellers’ cheques are gradually being phased out, but can still be exchanged for cash at a bank.
Opening hours and public holidays
Shops usually open at 9pm, closing around 5.30pm. They also often close for lunch and on Saturdays shut down for the weekend at 1pm. Large supermarkets tend to open earlier (7–8am) and remain open until 7–8pm Monday to Friday; they may operate reduced trading hours on Saturday and Sunday, though some remain closed on Sunday. Government offices are open Monday to Friday 8am–5pm, often taking a lunch hour at 1pm.
Namibia doesn’t have many public holidays and if the date falls on a Sunday then the holiday is usually held on the following Monday. During these days most government offices, businesses and shops close. Many businesses and government departments also effectively close from mid-December to mid-January for the summer holidays.
New Year’s Day
Good Friday and Easter Monday
Cassinga Day. Commemorates the attack on a SWAPO base in Angola by the SADF in 1978, which killed 600.
Africa Day. Remembers the foundation of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) in 1963.
Heroes’ Day. Recognized by the UN as Namibia Day, which commemorates the official start of the War of Independence in 1966.
International Human Rights Day
Since mobile phones are increasingly more popular than landlines – and indeed the only form of communication in many rural areas – you may want to bring your mobile phone and purchase a Namibian SIM card (N$7) on arrival (available at the international airport and at various locations on Independence Ave in Windhoek), and buy credit with pay-as-you-go cards. If your phone is locked, you will need to pay a standard charge of N$250 to have it unlocked, a process that usually takes 24 hours. The mobile provider with the greatest coverage is MTC, although in many remote areas there is no coverage at all. For this reason, you might want to rent a satellite phone, which can be done at Be Local (w be-local.com) and several car-rental agencies. Skype is also possible, though the slow wi-fi in many places can make it difficult.
To call Namibia from abroad, dial the international access code for the country you’re in, followed by the country code 264. Note that mobile phone numbers in Namibia are ten digits, beginning with 081.
Coin- and card-operated public phone boxes can be found at post offices and elsewhere across the country.
Shopping for most visitors to Namibia revolves around crafts and curios. The main area of production is in the north, so if you are travelling to the Kunene, Kavango and Zambezi regions you might want to wait until then to buy, especially since more of the money is likely to go to the artisan. Note that a number of shops sell crafts imported from South Africa and elsewhere; the ubiquitous Namcrafts, for example, which has several outlets in the capital, has “Namcraft” labels on all its products, though they are not necessarily from Namibia. So if the origin is important to you, make sure you make thorough enquiries before making a purchase.
There is no shortage of places to look for crafts, both in the street, where you can bargain, and in shops, where you can’t. The main craft shops are to be found in Windhoek and Swakopmund and there are two large craft markets in Okahandja. The selections, however, are often quite samey: soapstone figures and wooden carvings, particularly of animals; jewellery made from seeds, beads and shell; and batik cloth and cushion covers, again with animal designs aplenty. Namibia is also renowned for its semi-precious stones and crystals but you’ll not find many bargains. Still, the House of Gems in Windhoek and the Kristall Galerie in Swakopmund are good places to start.
Namibia is normally GMT+2hr, but from the first Sunday in April to the first Sunday in September Namibia is GMT+1, known as Daylight Saving Time (DST).
Tipping is always a tricky issue, and the best advice is to ask locally. There is no culture of automatic tipping in restaurants although for formal establishments, 10 percent of the total bill is the norm if the service is decent. For porters at airports or hotels expect to pay N$5 per bag. Similarly, N$5–10 would suffice for the petrol pump attendant who fills your vehicle if they clean your windows, check oil, tyres etc, and for anyone you ask to watch over your car for a few hours while you’re parked in town.
If staying in a lodge for several days only tip at the end – seek advice once there about what constitutes a fair tip; it will depend to an extent on whether the camp/lodge is budget or high-end and how many people are attached to one guide. Generally, it should not be more than US$10/day per person in a small group. Enquire also about whether there are communal tip boxes for the behind-the-scenes staff, many of whom get paid far less than the more high-profile guide. Many lodges pay very low wages and presume that tips will make up the shortfall. The only way to exert pressure and change this kind of behaviour is to complain to the management and/or give feedback online. That said, many tourists want to tip their guide if they have been particularly helpful and informative.
Bear in mind also that overtipping is not helpful: it sets a precedent that other travellers may not be able to live up to; it can create professional jealousy among workers; and it can upset the micro-economy, especially in poor, rural communities.
At the time of writing, the Namibia Tourist Board tourist office was operating out of a portacabin on Independence Avenue, in Windhoek, but was due to relocate to new premises in 2015. It can provide you with basic information about Windhoek and tourist maps for other parts of the country. The tourist board also operates a moderately useful website (w namibiatourism.com.na), though it is not the easiest site to navigate. In other towns, tourist information is provided privately, often by tour operators. Many hostels and guesthouses can help with information and making bookings too.
Travellers with disabilities
Travellers with visual, hearing or mobility impairment, including wheelchair users, and “senior travellers”, are well catered for by Endeavour Safaris (t 064 404249, w endeavour-safaris.com), a company based in Southern Africa with an office in Swakopmund. UK company 2 by 2 Holidays (t 01582 766122, w 2by2holidays.co.uk) specializes in holidays for wheelchair users and offers a wide variety of safaris to Namibia, ranging from 3 to 24 days. Independent wheelchair travellers should note that many hotels and lodges, including NWR properties in the national parks, have wheelchair-adapted rooms and bathrooms.
Travelling with children
Travelling with children is fairly easy in Namibia provided they are able to cope with many hours of travel between sights. Many lodgings offer discounts for children under 12, usually giving a 50 percent reduction for youngsters aged 6–12, with children under 6 staying free. Some of the smaller, more exclusive lodges that build their reputation on offering peace and tranquillity do not accept children under 12. Restaurants often have kids’ menus. As regards activities, there’s plenty to entertain kids, especially on the coast, from kayaking to sand-boarding. Children under a certain age (or height, when it comes to ballooning) are often discouraged from participating in certain activities, but with parental consent and supervision this can also be waived.
Everything you need to know before you set off.
Travel offers; book through Rough Guides
Planning your trip to Namibia
Everything you need to plan where to go and what to do.
The latest articles, galleries, quizzes and videos.
27 awe-inspiring pictures of Namibia
Namibia has some of the world's most astonishing landscapes. It's home to the world's oldest desert, a long and undeveloped coastline and national parks that te…
Quiz: can you locate these national parks?
National parks are some of the world's most awe-inspiring natural places, taking in mountains, glaciers, waterfalls and forests (sometimes all in the same one…
In pictures: traditional dress around the world
The Sari, India Ostensibly the simplest item of clothing possible – a single length of fabric, up to nine metres long – the sari is also one of the worl…