In their book A Year of Costa Rican Natural History, Amelia Smith Calvert and Philip Powell Calvert describe their month on Guanacaste’s fiesta circuit in 1910, starting in January in Filadelfía, a small town between Liberia and Santa Cruz, and ending in Santa Cruz. They were fascinated by the formal nature of the functions they attended, observing: “The dances were all round dances, mostly of familiar figures, waltzes and polkas, but one, called ‘el punto’ was peculiar in that the partners do not hold one another but walk side by side, turn around each other and so on.”

At Santa Cruz, “All the ladies sat in a row on one side of the room when not dancing, the men elsewhere. When a lady arrived somewhat late then the rest of the guests of the company, if seated, arose in recognition of her presence. The music was furnished by three fiddles and an accordion. The uninvited part of the community stood outside the house looking into the room through the open doors, which as usual were not separated from the street by any vestibule or passage.” The Calverts were also delighted to come across La giganta, the figure of a woman about 4m high; actually a man on stilts “with a face rather crudely moulded and painted”. What exactly La giganta represented isn’t known, but she promenaded around the streets of Santa Cruz in her finery, long white lace trailing, while her scurrying minders frantically worked to keep her from keeling over. La giganta, along with other oversized personalities, still features in nearly every large village fiesta, usually held on the local saint’s day.

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