The city is always putting something on, from beer festivals to a Caribbean carnival to a celebration of ice and winter; visit w seetorontonow.com for a full list. The Toronto International Film Festival or TIFF (w tiff.net) is one of the most respected film festivals in the world, established in 1976. Over a week-and-a-half in September, the celebration usually features close to 400 films, and queues to get into them can be fearsome. Single, same-day tickets are available from the TIFF box offices (or as rush tickets immediately before screenings), but regular TIFF attendees mostly buy books of tickets in advance or opt for one of several passes, which can be purchased from the TIFF website. In all cases, book well ahead. In June, there’s the outstanding Toronto Jazz Festival (w tojazz.com), which usually overlaps with the week-long Gay & Lesbian Pride (w pridetoronto.com), that culminates in a whopping Pride Day Parade with one million spectators. The Fringe Festival (w fringetoronto.com) in early July is also great fun; more than 150 inexpensive productions (encompassing plays, dance, alternative musicals and busking) take place all over the city, inside and out.