Turkey // South Central Anatolia //


The site of Sagalassos is well labelled, with illustrations that show the buildings in their original state. The 96m-wide theatre, right of the entrance, remains much as the 244 AD earthquake left it, with seating mostly in place, but the stage building rather more wrecked. Two restored nymphaea (fountain-houses) here have retained their floor mosaic almost intact, along with the alcoves and a major inscription. Walking west you come to the upper agora, of which the second, huge nymphaeum formed one side. Two ceremonial arches opened off, and a pagoda-like monument stood in the centre.

Just above, north of the upper agora, a Doric temple of the second century BC is incorporated into the city walls. As you walk down from the upper agora, you’ll see fragments of beautiful Roman friezes laid out like a giant jigsaw. Below the main track is the lower agora and adjacent baths; earthenware pipes and hypocausts reveal how water was distributed and heated. A temple with Corinthian columns dedicated to Antonius Pius stands beyond this area, while straight ahead down the steps are the necropolis and a hill that locals say is the site of an Alexander monument – they believe a gold statue dedicated to Alexander is waiting to be discovered.

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