The overland approaches to Constanţa cross one part or another of the bleak northern Dobrogea, a poor area where donkeys still haul metal-wheeled carts. While there’s no reason to break your journey here, the changes wrought over the last forty years certainly merit some explanation. Driving on the DN2A, you’ll cross the Danube at Giurgeni and see orchards and fields planted on what used to be pestilential marshland; this transformation is nothing compared to the great works further to the south, starting at Cernavodă, where the Danube is spanned by what was, when it opened in 1895, Europe’s longest bridge (4037m, with a main span of 1662m); trains now run alongside on a bridge built in 1987. A road bridge was added in the same year, linking the DN3A and the DN22C to provide the most direct road route to Constanţa, parallel to the rail line and the Danube–Black Sea Canal. The motorway bridge, opened in 2006, passes diagonally under the 1895 rail bridge, with its carriageways continuing on either side of the railway.