Especially in Sabah and Sarawak – though also in Peninsular Malaysia – private cars, vans and (on rough roads) four-wheel-drives known as kereta sapu (sometimes informally called “taxis”) operate like buses or taxis along certain routes, usually from the main bus stations. They’ve pretty well replaced buses into Thailand from Penang, for example, and are also useful crossing from Miri in Sarawak to Brunei’s Bandar Seri Begawan.

Elsewhere, if a bus doesn’t seem to exist for your route, check with accommodation or the local tourist office if they know of a kereta sapu service.

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