Located on a rocky hill, the Acropolis of Athens is the greatest architectural and artistic complex of Ancient Greece. The first fortifications date back to the thirteenth century, although it wasn’t until the fifth century that the sanctuary reached its peak.
Following the Athenians’ victory over the Persians, the city’s influential statesman Pericles rebuilt the citadel, commissioning some of Greece’s most prominent architects and sculptors. Phidias was charged with the construction of the Parthenon, the temple dedicated to the patron of the city – the goddess Athena.
With its network of picturesque canals and waterways, Venice is an astounding architectural masterpiece whose buildings contain some of the world’s greatest works of art. Founded in the fifth century, it was once a major maritime power that influenced the development of architecture across the city’s trading stations, from the nearby Dalmatian Coast to Asia Minor.
Venice’s harmonious integration with the surrounding natural environment and its magnificent medieval and Renaissance architecture make it one of the world’s most unique urban settlements.
Image by Roberto Trombetta on Flickr (CC BY-NC 2.0)
Dating back to Roman times, the city of Évora in the Alentejo region is a fine example of a city from the Golden Age of Portugal. It became the residence of the Portuguese kings in the fifteenth century, with convents and royal palaces erected around town.
Over the centuries new architectural features were added, including low whitewashed houses embellished with pretty Dutch tiles and wrought-iron balconies. The city’s architecture also influenced the construction of Portugal’s colonial cities in Brazil.
Image by Daniel Entwistle on Flickr (CC BY-NC 2.0)
Founded in the first century AD, Bath was used by the Romans as a thermal spa town. The baths are today among the most important Roman remains north of the Alps. During the Middle Ages the city flourished as a centre for wool industry, while under the reign of George III it was a fine spa city with a lively arts and literary scene.
The city’s architects were influenced by Italian Andrea Palladio, constructing neo-classical buildings, squares and terraces that harmoniously blend in with the city’s Roman remains.
Image by PapaPiper on Flickr (CC BY-ND 2.0)
Located in the karst area of central Croatia, Plitvice Lakes National Park is home to sixteen terraced lakes separated by travertine barriers and connected by cascades. Surrounded by deep woodland home to deer, wolves, bears, rare birds and boars, the lakes are spread out over 8km. A series of winding paths lead to wooden walkways that cross the pools’ azure waters, offering gorgeous lake views.