South of Augsburg on the Romantic Road, the handsome little town of Landsberg am Lech makes a worthwhile stopover on the way to the Alps. It has gone down in history as the place where Adolf Hitler wrote Mein Kampf, during his absurdly short stretch in prison following the 1923 Beer Hall Putsch. The prison – which after 1945 held high-ranking war criminals – still serves its original purpose. For much of its history Landsberg was a border town on Bavaria’s western fringes, which helps explain the sheer size of its surviving medieval fortifications, including a number of impressive gate towers.

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