New England’s southernmost state, CONNECTICUT, was named Quinnehtukqut (“great tidal river”) by the Native Americans after the river that bisects it and spills into Long Island Sound. First settled by white settlers in the 1630s, Connecticut is one of the oldest colonies of the Union, playing crucial roles during the Revolutionary War (hence named “the provisions state”) and in the country’s founding – its original 1639 charter helped to inspire the American Constitution (hence also named “the Constitution state”). During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the state prospered from steady industrialization and lucrative whaling along the coast. Today, much of the old industry has withered away, leaving areas of green countryside and idyllic villages that typify New England’s quaint image.
While predominantly rural, Connecticut is densely populated along the coast, with a vibrant southwestern corner exuding the cosmopolitan air of neighbouring New York City, and the at once industrial and intellectual New Haven, home to Yale University. Further east, Mystic and New London still maintain intimate ties to their maritime past, while inland, the old architecture scattered around the state capital of Hartford tells of the city’s more glorious days.Read More