The monastery adjacent to the Iglesia San Francisco houses the Museo Colonial, which has a highly evocative collection of paintings, sculpture, furniture, keys and other objects dating from the colonial period, most of it religious and a good deal of it created in Peru, the seat of colonial government. Note the immense eighteenth-century cedar door of the first room you come to off the cloisters; carved into hundreds of intricately designed squares, this is one of the museum’s most beautiful possessions. Inside the room, you’ll find another arresting sight: a gigantic painting of the genealogical tree of the Franciscan Order consisting of 644 miniature portraits.

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