• Cuba’s 11,200,000 inhabitants and 110,861 sq km of land make it the largest island in the Caribbean by both population and area

The Eastern province of Granma and one of Cuba’s national newspapers are both named after the boat which carried Fidel Castro and 81 other rebels from Mexico to Cuba to start the revolutionary war in 1956. The boat itself was named after the original owner’s grandmother.

Christmas was abolished as a public holiday in Cuba in 1969 and officially reinstated in 1998.

Cuba has a 99.7 percent adult literacy rate, among the highest in the world.

The world’s smallest bird, the bee hummingbird, is indigenous to Cuba.

Cuba has the only functioning public passenger railway service in the Caribbean. The first steam railway line in Latin America was built on the island in 1837.


Everything you need to know before you set off.

Travel offers; book through Rough Guides

Cuba features

The latest articles, galleries, quizzes and videos.

12 tips for backpacking Cuba

12 tips for backpacking Cuba

Cuba’s captivating, colourful streets and carnaval­ feel make it appealing for travellers year­-round. And, as relations with the US thaw, the country's p…

23 May 2017 • Freya Godfrey insert_drive_file Article
Video: a 1 minute guide to Cuba

Video: a 1 minute guide to Cuba

From the gorgeous countryside of Viñales to the brilliant beaches of Varadero – not to mention the atmospheric, timeworn streets of Havana – Cuba is a begu…

15 Mar 2017 • Rough Guides Editors videocam Video
15 of the most romantic places in Cuba

15 of the most romantic places in Cuba

Cuba and romance go hand-in-hand. The isolated island's whitewashed beaches and balmy climate make for a romantic escape in the traditional sense of the word - …

14 Dec 2016 • Greg Dickinson camera_alt Gallery
View more featureschevron_right