Sinjeong (New Year’s Day) Jan 1
Seoul celebrates New Year in much the same fashion as Western countries, with huge crowds gathering around City Hall.
Seollal (Lunar New Year) Usually early Feb
One of the most important holidays on the calendar, Lunar New Year sees Koreans flock to their home towns for a three-day holiday of relaxed celebration, and many businesses close up.
Independence Movement Day March 1
Children’s Day May 5
Koreans make an even bigger fuss over their kids than usual on this national holiday – expect parks, zoos and amusement parks to be jam-packed.
Memorial Day June 6
Little more than a day off for most Koreans, this day honours those who fell in battle, and is best observed in the National Cemetery.
Constitution Day July 17
Independence Day Aug 15
The country becomes a sea of Korean flags on this holiday celebrating the end of Japanese rule in 1945.
Chuseok Late Sept or early Oct
One of the biggest events in the Korean calendar is this three-day national holiday, similar to Thanksgiving; families head to their home towns to venerate their ancestors in low-key ceremonies, and eat a special crescent-shaped rice-cake.
National Foundation Day Oct 3
Celebrates the 2333 BC birth of Dangun, the legendary founder of the Korean nation. Shamanist celebrations take place at shrines around Seoul, with the most important on Inwangsan mountain.
Christmas Day Dec 25
Every evening looks like Christmas in neon-drenched Seoul, but on this occasion Santa Haraboji (Grandpa Santa) finally arrives.