The recently formed Kavango-Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area is now the world’s largest transboundary reserve, encompassing the Zambezi and Kavango river basins, and spanning five countries, namely Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Incorporating around 36 protected areas, including the Okavango Delta, Chobe National Park and Victoria Falls, it aims to open up traditional wildlife migration routes. Many fences have already been taken down, allowing the 250,000–300,000 elephants in the region, for example, to wander freely – all the more reason for taking care at dawn and dusk when driving along the Trans Caprivi Highway. Through improved and regionally coordinated conservation efforts and greater community engagement, it is hoped that communities will derive greater benefit from the anticipated increase in tourism opportunities. In the meantime, however, there remain tensions between conservationists and some villages, which are losing increasing numbers of inadequately protected livestock, prompting them to kill the predators responsible.