InterCity trains are the fastest and most comfortable; they’re followed by InterRegio trains which stop more often. Regio trains stop everywhere and are generally grubby and crowded. Some overnight trains have sleeping carriages (vagon de dormit) and couchettes (cuşet) for a modest surcharge. Seat reservations are required for all fast trains, and are automatically included with locally purchased tickets. You’ll also need a seat reservation for international trains even if you do not require one before entering Romania, so be sure to book a seat before departure or face a fine. The best place to buy tickets and book seats is at the local Agenția SNCFR (generally open Mon–Fri 7.30am–7.30pm, Sat 8am–noon; cfr.ro); at the station tickets are slightly cheaper but available only one hour in advance. Wasteels, a Europe-wide youth rail travel agency has offices in Bucharest’s Gara de Nord station and in Brasov’s station (triptkts.ro; both Mon–Fri 8am–7pm, Sat 8am–2pm) and offers discounts for under-26s. Both InterRail and Eurail are valid.
The bus (autobuz) network can be confusing so it’s best to check bus times in advance at autogari.ro. There are also minibus (maxitaxi) services on the busy routes; although fast and frequent, they are often crowded and the driving can be manic. They do also make some surprisingly long inter-city journeys; expect to pay the same as the Regio train fare or a bit more. Buses are more comfortable for longer journeys.
Taxis are cheap and an attractive alternative to crowded public transport, but be sure to choose a taxi with a clearly marked company name, and check that the meter is working.