The concentration camp at Salaspils, 14km southeast of Rīga, is where most of Rīga’s Jewish population perished during World War II. One hundred thousand people died here, including prisoners of war and Jews from other countries, who were herded into the Rīga Ghetto after most of the indigenous Jewish population had been liquidated. The site is marked by monumental sculptures, with the former locations of the barracks outlined by white stones. Look for the offering of toys by the children’s barracks and the bunker, inscribed with the words “Behind this gate the earth groans” – home to a haunting exhibition about the camp.