- Belgium is one of the smallest nations in Europe, with a population of around 10 million. Of these, around 5.5 million live in Flemish-speaking Flanders, while 3.5 million dwell in French-speaking Wallonia; there’s also a small German-speaking community in the east. The tenacity of regional (and linguistic) feeling is such that Belgium is a federal state: both Flanders and Wallonia have their own regional administrations, as does the capital, Brussels, which is officially bilingual and has a population of around one million. A constitutional monarchy, Belgium has a bicameral parliament, comprising the Senate and Chamber of Deputies.
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