- Volcánes Miravalles and Tenorio
- Parque Nacional Palo Verde
- Reserva Biológica Lomas Barbudal
- Parque Nacional Rincón de la Vieja
- Parque Nacional Santa Rosa
- Parque Nacional Guanacaste
- La Cruz and the border
- The Guanacaste beaches
- Santa Cruz and Nicoya
- Nicoya Peninsula beaches
- Parque Nacional Barra Honda and around
Eight kilometres northwest of Nosara, Ostional and its chocolate-coloured-sand beach make up the REFUGIO NACIONAL DE VIDA SILVESTRE OSTIONAL, one of the most important nesting grounds in the country for olive ridley turtles who come ashore to lay their eggs en masse. If you’re in town during the first few days of the arribadas, you’ll see local villagers with horses, carefully stuffing their big, thick bags full of eggs and slinging them over their shoulders. This is quite legal: villagers of Ostional and Nosara are allowed to harvest eggs, for sale or consumption, during the first three days of the season only. Don’t be surprised to see them barefoot, rocking back and forth on their heels as if they were crushing grapes in a winery; this is the surest way to pick up the telltale signs of eggs beneath the sand. You can’t swim comfortably at Ostional though, since the water’s very rough and is plagued by sharks, for whom turtle nesting points are like all-you-can-eat buffets.
One of only two species of marine turtles who nest in mass numbers (Kemp’s ridleys being the other), olive ridley turtles emerge from the sea in their tens of thousands onto the beaches of Ostional to lay their eggs, mainly in the rainy season from August to December. These arribadas (the Spanish word for arrivals) can last over twelve hours, with a steady stream of females crawling slowly out of the water to a free patch of sand beyond the high tide line where they will begin to lay their eggs.
Each individual will lay around one hundred eggs over the course of a few days; collectively several million eggs may be deposited on the shores of Ostional during a single arribada. It is the sheer number of eggs that is the evolutionary reason behind the unusual behaviour of the olive ridleys: the more eggs there are, the better chance the offspring have of survival. With so many eggs and hatchlings for predators to prey on, the likelihood of a hatchling making it out to sea increases dramatically. Despite the mass layings, however, the odds are still stacked overwhelmingly against the young turtles – only one out of three hundred hatchlings from the protected beaches of Ostional will reach adulthood.