Voodoo practitioners chant and dance during the Voodoo Day celebrations in Ouidah

The spirit world – top five places to get a glimpse of the other side

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Communing with an Amazon Shaman, Peru

Psychedelic tourism isn’t everyone’s cup of tea, but there is nowhere on Earth where so many shaman serve such magical brews as they do in Peru. The typical setting for a session with an ayahuasquero or jungle shaman, is to meet him at a rainforest lodge on the edge of an Amazon tributory.  After giving each guest a bitter, small gourd-full of psychotropic hallucinogen, the shaman begins to rattle, chant or drum. The effects can be challenging – the drug’s purging qualities mean many people vomit, while the colourful visions may be spiritual, sexual or just plain terrifying – but most people, helped by the shaman’s guiding songs and vision, make it beyond this to a healing and ecstatic session.

Witnessing the voodoo power of Ouidah, Benin

The town of Ouidah hosts a voodoo festival each January and various ceremonies are held throughout the year, when costumed dancers and those “fortunate” enough to be temporarily possessed by spirits sway to the beat of drums, summoning the gods. If you’re really lucky, you might get invited in for an audience with the Supreme Chief himself, regally perched on an imitation La-Z-Boy and sipping Fanta.

Honouring the Orixás in Salvador, Brazil

Yemanjá, Afro-Brazilian Candomblé Cult in Bahia

Along the “Red Beach” of Salvador da Bahia, worshippers dressed in ethereal white robes gather around sand altars festooned with gardenias. Some may fall into trances, writhing on the beach, screaming so intensely you’d think they were being torn limb from limb. Perhaps in more familiar settings you’d  be calling an ambulance, but this is Salvador, the epicentre of the syncretic, African-based religion known as candomblé, in which worshippers take part in toques, a ritual that involves becoming possessed by the spirit of their Orixá (protector god).

Experiencing Pemba’s djinn, Zanzibar

There’s no better place to seek help from the potent East African spirits than verdant Pemba island. The place quietly reeks of the supernatural and is home to the area’s djinn: form changing spirits. Popo Bawa – half bat and half man but without any Hollywood blockbusters to his name – is an infamous resident. He flies into homes late at night and does dastardly things to men as they slumber in their beds. A charm placed at the base of a fig tree or the sacrifice of a goat is usually enough to keep Popo Bawa away. Respect the culture and tradition and, if lucky, an invitation to a sacrificial ceremony might just come your way.

Exploring the witches market, Bolivia

Ole Aymara woman and her dog at the Mercado de las Brujas (Witches' Market) on Calle Linares in La Paz. , La Paz Department, Bolivia

Take a closer look among the stalls at the Mercado de Hechiceria in La Paz and among the everyday items you’ll see shrivelled llama foetuses, dried frogs and armadillos, remedies and potions, smouldering multicoloured candles and collections of amulets, charms and talismans.  The stallholders, or “witches”, generally Aymara women, claim to cure almost any malady, and the methods they use have barely changed in hundreds of years. For those with more complicated problems, or just a healthy sense of curiosity, there are even yatiris (spiritual healers) to be consulted.